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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2015)

National strategies for KCD in the water sector : [the implementation of the water sector skills plan in South Africa]

Moyo, L.

Titre : National strategies for KCD in the water sector : [the implementation of the water sector skills plan in South Africa]

Auteur : Moyo, L.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
Ineffective and inefficient water management practices in developing countries have to a large extent been attributed to lack of and/or inadequate knowledge and capacity. Formulation of National Strategies for Knowledge and Capacity Development (KCD) have been suggested as a starting point for a synchronized and coherent stance (at all levels from national down to sector level) for dealing with the capacity (skills) challenges in the water sector. South Africa’s Sector Skills Plan (SSP) by the Energy and Water Sector Education Training Authority EWSETA was formulated as a guiding document which informs and keeps the water sector updated with both the supply and demand of skills in the water sector. In order to understand the factors influencing the SSP implementation process, the Conceptual Interactive theory framework was used to analyze the interactions of actors and their characteristics (motivation, power and cognition) to test the assumption of policy implementation being a social process. The methodological steps which formed the basis of the fieldwork protocol included semi-structured interviews with 18 key informants, questionnaires were administered and 31 responses were received, and lastly observations and secondary literature review to triangulatethe data collected. Amongst other reasons, the results suggest that implementation of the SSP is currently progressing at a slower pace than what had been anticipated, mainly due to the lack of consultation with key stakeholders during the formulation stage, lack of data sharing amongst the Sector Education Training Authorities, lack of capacities within EWSETA and some tertiary institutions. In conclusion, the research shows policy implementation is driven by actor interactions and those actors that have inherent power in the form of resources, capacity or their position in the governance structure can influence decisions made by other actors and the outcome of policy implementation. This therefore, needs to be taken into account when advocating for National Strategies for Knowledge and Capacity Development as a solution for water sector capacity development.

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