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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2020 → Decision support system for sustainable utilization of the Eocene aquifer in the West Bank, Palestine

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2020)

Decision support system for sustainable utilization of the Eocene aquifer in the West Bank, Palestine

Kakooza, Charles

Titre : Decision support system for sustainable utilization of the Eocene aquifer in the West Bank, Palestine

Auteur : Kakooza, Charles

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2020

Résumé partiel
Intensive use of groundwater for irrigation and domestic supplies, coupled with climate change has caused groundwater depletion and quality deterioration worldwide. In the Eocene aquifer which is located in the north eastern part of West Bank, Palestine, competitive pumping for agricultural irrigation and municipal water supply, and elevated on-ground nitrogen loadings have led to drying up of wells and nitrate leaching into groundwater respectively. For this reason Groundwater Decision Support System (GDSS) project under the PADUCO 2 programme was proposed to investigate and manage the current Eocene aquifer problems. The main objective of this study is therefore to develop a Decision Support System (DSS) for sustainable optimal utilisation of the Eocene aquifer by managing quantity and protecting quality of the water. The main objective was achieved through four steps : assessing the current situation of aquifer water quality using the developed flow, and fate and transport models, optimal pumping strategies (developed in earlier MSc study at IHE), on-ground loading, land-use classes, and other datasets in literature provided by An-Najah National University (ANU) and Palestine Polytechnic University (PPU), the analysis was done by collating spatial and temporal dataset with literature ; under the conditions of groundwater quality (nitrate fate and transport model), the proposed optimal pumping strategies were assessed to determine the overall effect on nitrate attenuation in groundwater and the quality of water pumped ; particle tracking analysis was then carried out to identify capture zones of existing working wells and developed wellhead protection zones ; finally the web-DSS was developed using HTML, Javascript, CSS, bootstrap, and PHP among others to aid decision makers.

Sujets  : aquifers decision support systems nitrate pollution Palestine

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Page publiée le 22 avril 2021