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University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur (2012)

A STUDY ON LIVELIHOOD SYSTEMS OF MARGINAL FARMERS AND LANDLESS LABOURERS IN RAINFED ECOSYSTEM OF KOPPAL DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA STATE

SUNIL KUMAR GOWDA

Titre : A STUDY ON LIVELIHOOD SYSTEMS OF MARGINAL FARMERS AND LANDLESS LABOURERS IN RAINFED ECOSYSTEM OF KOPPAL DISTRICT OF KARNATAKA STATE

Auteur : SUNIL KUMAR GOWDA

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2012

Résumé
The study was conducted in rainfed areas of Koppal district of Karnataka during the year 2011-12. This district receives lowest rainfall when compared to other districts of Hyderabad-Karnataka region with the total sample of 120 respondents. The study revealed that nearly one third (33.33%) of marginal farmers and nearly half (46.67%) of the landless labourers were illiterate, Small family size(<5) was possessed by 43.33 per cent of marginal farmers and 38.33 per cent of landless labourers belong to medium family size (5-8), Half of the marginal farmers and nearly half (48.33%) of landless labourers had medium and low extension contact, respectively. Majority of landless labourers (63.33%) and 44 per cent of marginal farmers were belong to low risk orientation category. It was observed that 43.33 per cent of marginal farmers and 40 per cent of landless labourers were belong to medium achievement motivation category, exactly half of the marginal farmers and landless labourers (48.33%) had low social participation. Large majority (90.00%) of the landless labourers and marginal farmers (85%) never participated in training programme. Fourty four per cent marginal farmers were involved in Crop + wage earning, followed by crop + dairy + wage earning (23.33%) livelihood system and landless labourers (40%) were exclusively involved in wage earning system followed by wage earning + other (30.00%) livelihood system. Marginal farmers (43.33%) were getting average income of Rs.28,340/yr from crop + wage earning livelihood systems. The highest average annual income of Rs.56,446 accrued from crop + petty business which was practiced by five per cent of marginal farmers. The maximum return of Rs.46,217/yr is obtained from wage earning + other activities are expressed by 28.33 per cent of landless labourers. Both the categories of respondents (65%) had faced the constraints like in adequate rainfall and irratic monsoon, followed by difficulty in getting bank loan (58.33%).

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