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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2013)

Assessing national collaboration in water and sanitation : the case of the WASH cluster in Zimbabwe

Madzinamiri, D.

Titre : Assessing national collaboration in water and sanitation : the case of the WASH cluster in Zimbabwe

Auteur : Madzinamiri, D.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
The study focused on assessing national collaboration in water and sanitation in Zimbabwe with the WASH cluster as the unit of analysis. This cluster was established to provide emergency response to water related disease outbreaks. With the use of semi-structured interviews, Focus Group Discussions, document review and attendance of a WASH cluster workshop and a cluster meeting, data was collected to explore on how the cluster has contributed to addressing WASH issues in Zimbabwe. Data were collected on the WASH cluster’s mandate, objectivesand structure, on cluster operations and on benefits for WASH members, the water sector and the population. The study results revealed that the cluster is a benefit to its partners, the sector and the population in several ways which include : • Provision of a platform where coordination of WASH activities is a priority. • Provision of a forum for knowledge sharing among different WASH actors. • Facilitating engagement of policy and decision makers on discussion of WASH issues during which experts share ideas and recommendations for the sector thereby indirectly influencing the water legislation of the country. • Provision of opportunities for access to both material and financial resources for WASH emergency response. • Execution of emergency interventions to combat WASHrelated diseases in accordance with its mandate There were, however some drawbacks namely lack of inclusiveness of partners in the allocation of funds for the execution of emergency interventions and in monitoring and evaluation exercises. Another shortcoming identified was lack of commitment of some members. These were hindrances rather than inhibitions. Overall, the cluster has significantly supported the government to reduce the outbreak of WASH related diseases. In view of its limited mandate, the cluster typically provides only a short-term solution. For sustainable impact, the efforts of the WASH cluster need to be followed up with a long-term developmental response. It is in this regard that the study recommends the need to expand the cluster’s mandate to include long term developmental WASH needs. In addition, the cluster should develop and implement mechanisms to improve transparency and increase member commitment.

Sujets  : water sanitation water related diseases case studies Zimbabwe

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