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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2009 → Compliance and enforcement, arch enemies or mutual friends ? : a case of industry and water pollution in the Chivero catchment, Zimbabwe

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2009)

Compliance and enforcement, arch enemies or mutual friends ? : a case of industry and water pollution in the Chivero catchment, Zimbabwe

Nhari, P.

Titre : Compliance and enforcement, arch enemies or mutual friends ? : a case of industry and water pollution in the Chivero catchment, Zimbabwe

Auteur : Nhari, P.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé
As Zimbabwe sets itself up for possible economic revival and consequentindustrial development, it is necessary to asses the factors affecting industry’scompliance to water pollution regulations, in order to safeguard water resources.The pollution threat to the drinking water reservoir, Lake Chivero, necessitatedthis research as industrial effluent was identified as one of the significant sourcesof pollution to the lake. The aim of this study was to understand the weaknessesand strengths of the enforcement and compliance link and to recommendimprovements. Compliance with water pollution control regulations in the EMAAct 2002 was the focal point.The methodology involved questionnaires, answered by eight enforcementofficers and ten respondents from industry. Questionnaires were administeredthrough face to face interviews with members of the regulated community(industry and the enforcers). Eleven behavioural dimensions from the Table ofEleven were studied and analysed according to their effect on compliance andenforcement. Analysis with iT11 revealed that the main factors threateningcompliance was industry’s general lack of acceptance of the policy and what itaimed to achieve. The major factor encouraging compliance was horizontalsupervision in the form of Environmental Management Systems, although thiswas not having the desired effect on the informal risk of a violation beingreported.Among other suggestions, it is recommended that the regulator-regulatedrelationship be strengthened to ensure acceptance of policy. Institutionalcredibility would be required for this relationship to be effective. Industry needsto be given incentives for compliance which go beyond economic instability.

Sujets  : water pollution industrial pollution regulations river basins Zimbabwe

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Page publiée le 3 avril 2021