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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2011)

The dynamics of struggle for water in post-apartheid South Africa : analysis of negotiations over water at catchment level

Kwezi, L.

Titre : The dynamics of struggle for water in post-apartheid South Africa : analysis of negotiations over water at catchment level

Auteur : Kwezi, L.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
The history of South Africa has resulted in huge inequality in access to natural resources among various groups in the society. As a r esult, access to and control over water resources is skewed towards a few powerful stakeholders making it a critical and emotive issue, forming a potential arena of conflicts as well as social and political divisions. This unequal distribution of land and water resources has arisen because of historical reasons of political apartheid which divided people along racial lines, favouring the white minority at the expense of black majority. In response to redress the inequality in access to water resources, the government has pioneered the water reforms since 1998. However, over more than one decade of on-going reform processes, access to water is still divided along racial lines and is economically and politically contested. The reform process has been challenged by the institutions created in the past as well as by powerful water users who are often supported by neo-liberal economic policies. Consequently, the negotiations over water have evolved under the legal plural setting with complex set of fuzzy institutional structures. With an aim to better understand the negotiations over water and expose the dynamics of struggle for water in South Africa, Potshini catchment was used as a study catchment to specifically examine the stakeholders involved in the negotiations over water as well as their capacities, positions, goals, interests and relationships between them. The study also analyzed the strategies used by stakeholders in the negotiations over water in order to assess the potential water conflicts and windows of opportunity to manage the conflicts and improve the negotiations

Sujets  : water stakeholder participation negotiation catchment areas South Africa

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Page publiée le 5 avril 2021