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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2013)

Compliance and enforcement in environmental regulation, a case study of beverage industries in Kabul city

Marufi, A.H.

Titre : Compliance and enforcement in environmental regulation, a case study of beverage industries in Kabul city

Auteur : Marufi, A.H.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
The study carried out to determine the possible reasons behind the low compliance by beverage companies used to discharge their wastewater in the open areas which is affecting the environment. Questionnaires and face to face interviews were conducted in Kabul city (Afghanistan). The aim was to find out the reasons behind high pollution in the city and also what is the possible way to gradually improve the level of compliance in order to reduce the pollution and make a clean environment for the future. The result of interview, site visit and questionnaires shows that majority of the beverage industries are releasing their wastewater to the open environment without any treatment. Only very few/minority using the extremely basic/primary treatment. Most of the beverage industries don’t know the knowledge of the regulation and the important of environment. Such facts were determined during the face to face interview with regulators and regulated sectors as well as during the site visit (point source pollution). Estimates show that the percentage of violation by beverage industries is high. The beverage industries comply spontaneously or unintentional is very low (8%) and the industries comply with regulation (by force) is quite low (50%), industries are not complying with regulation and also not being enforced (40%) and finally industries that are not complying and also not accepting enforcement (2%). The factors behind these violations are due to lack of human capacity and skill, weak policies and regulation, lack of proper monitoring and coordination, corruption in the offices, lack of financial facilities for staff and imbalance competition in the market. All mentioned factors lead to poor compliance and finally leads environmental degradation and health problem for residence of Kabul city.

Sujets  : regulations environmental pollution beverage industry case studies Afghanistan

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Page publiée le 5 avril 2021