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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2014 → The effectiveness of public participation in the follow up of environmental impact assessment : [case study of high risk water related projects in Kenya]

UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2014)

The effectiveness of public participation in the follow up of environmental impact assessment : [case study of high risk water related projects in Kenya]

Omare, J.R.

Titre : The effectiveness of public participation in the follow up of environmental impact assessment : [case study of high risk water related projects in Kenya]

Auteur : Omare, J.R.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2014

Résumé
Public participation in environmental matters over the years has gained support internationally and locally in equal measure through environmental impact assessment (EIA) as a management tool. Furthermore, the success of EIA is determined by how effective follow up is in ensuring the implementation of environment management plans (EMPs). Public participation is important to ensure not only the projects are economically viable and environmentally sustainable but also ensures social acceptability.In the recent years, many authors have addressed the question of public participation in the follow up of EIA process. However, to date no standard and measurable criteria of effectiveness had been established to ascertain what constitutes effectiveness and the role of public participation. This research’s overall objective is to examine the effectiveness of public participation in post EIA follow up of high risk water related projects in Kenya.The study adopts a case study approach with data collection methods of desk study, interviews and field observation. A logical framework is used to evaluate effectiveness of public participation in practice under environmental assessment categories of procedural, substantive and transactive effectiveness. The outcome of this research reveals a strong environmental law supportive of public participation and weak EIA guidelines and regulations. Similarly, the importance of context in delivering effective post EIA follow is realized while the SWOT analysis plays a greater role in planning for institutional strengthening and simple but pragmatic approaches to post EIA follow up. Furthermore, there are limited resources for financing public participation and inadequate capacity in terms of staff and training to ensure compliance (transactive effectiveness) leading to failure to achieve the objectives (substantive effectiveness) of public participation in post EIA follow up. In this study, 16 criteria for assessing effectiveness of public participation are identified and analysed under the logic model dimensions of procedural, substantive and transactive effectiveness. A scale of 1-5 is used to quantify and measure conformance of the criteria to effective post EIA follow up. It points out the barriers to post EIA follow up and concludes with lessons from practice and what makes post EIA follow up successful.

Sujets  : EIA public participation case studies Kenya

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Page publiée le 6 avril 2021