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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2016)

Dynamics of Dryland Agriculture in Northern dry zone of Karnataka : Technological Interventions and Impact on Livelihoods

Mangoji, Sunita B.

Titre : Dynamics of Dryland Agriculture in Northern dry zone of Karnataka : Technological Interventions and Impact on Livelihoods

Auteur : Mangoji, Sunita B.

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science in Agricultural Economics 2016

Résumé
The study analyses the adoption status of various dryland technologies, identifies the factors responsible for adoption, thereof assesses their impact on livelihood status of farmers in northern dry zone (NDZ) of Karnataka and suggests suitable policy interventions. A sample of 100 sample farmers from the zone was selected using multistage random sampling technique. The study mainly uses primary data elicited from sample respondents by personal interview method using a well designed and pre-tested schedule. Descriptive statistics, technology adoption index, multiple regression model and Garrett ranking test were employed to process the data. The Technology Adoption Index (TAI) in terms of complete adoption was highest (48.29 %) in poultry, a component under Improved Livestock Management Practices (ILMP), while minimum under this category was in sheep (26.29 %). In Improved Energy Management System (EMS), Improved Crop Production Practices (ICPT), Improved Soil and Water conservation Technologies (ISWCT) and Improved Land Use Systems (ILUS), the TAIs of Complete Adoption were 49 per cent, 24 to 51 per cent, 5 to 25 per cent and 6 per cent, respectively. Proportion of irrigated area in case of ICPT and diversification index as well as size of land holding in case of ILMP were found significantly influencing the adoption of improved technologies. Majority of the farmers borrowed the short term credit ; but the loan amount disbursed was found highest for long term credit (` 2,50,000) followed by medium term loan (` 1,75,000) and short term loan (` 1,30,331). Cooperatives were the major source of credit, while Regional Rural Bank was the major source of crop loan. Lack of awareness about improved technologies was the major constraint in case of adoption of ISWCT and ILMP.

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