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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2010)

Economic Analysis of cropping systems under Tank Irrigation in Northern Karnataka

Suresh.E.

Titre : Economic Analysis of cropping systems under Tank Irrigation in Northern Karnataka

Auteur : Suresh.E.

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science in Agricultural Economics 2010

Résumé
The study was conducted in two districts of northern Karnataka in selected tank commands with an objective of studying the economics of cropping pattern under tank irrigation system, cost and returns of crops, resource use efficiency in production of major crops, institutional arrangements for management of tank irrigation system and document problems in tank irrigation management. Purposive random sampling technique was employed to select 120 sample farmers from 12 selected tank commands. Primary data were collected through personnel interview method and secondary data on status of tanks were collected from minor irrigation department. Tabular and production function analysis were employed to analyze the data. The study identified major crops grown under tank irrigation systems in Bagalkot and Bijapur districts. Farmers in Bagalkot district cultivated crops in both kharif and rabi seasons, whereas in Bijapur district farmers cultivated crops in kharif, rabi and summer seasons also. The resources like labour, seeds, manures, chemical fertilizers were under utilized in both the districts. Hence, there is scope for deployment of these resources. In both the districts returns were more in some crops due to reduced cost of cultivation and increased yield. The institutional arrangements of tank committee existed for tank management but participation was very meager in both the districts, no definite rules or guidelines were in place to regulate water management, farmers expressed their opinion that irrigation water was inadequate, often few farmers resorted to illegal and unauthorized water diversions. Constraints like, poor maintenance of tanks, siltation of tank bed, misutilization of allocated funds and improper cropping pattern were reported by the respondents. Organizational constraints included inadequate funds, staff, and lack of political will. Hence, there is a need to strengthen institutional support for provision of credit, infrastructure facility and formulate appropriate polices for safe guarding the interest of the farmers.

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