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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2015)

KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION OF DROUGHT MITIGATING TECHNOLOGIES FOLLOWED BY FARMERS OF GADAG DISTRICT

VIJAYLAXMI B. SOMANATTI

Titre : KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION OF DROUGHT MITIGATING TECHNOLOGIES FOLLOWED BY FARMERS OF GADAG DISTRICT

Auteur : VIJAYLAXMI B. SOMANATTI

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science (MS) Agriculture 2015

Résumé
The present study was conducted in Gadag district of Karnataka state during 2014-15 to assess the knowledge and adoption of drought mitigation technologies. The sample for the study consisted of 120 farmers. Ex-post facto research design was used for the study. The data was collected by personal interview method. High percentage (40.83%) of the farmers belonged to medium level of knowledge about drought mitigation practices. Cent per cent of the farmers were aware about organic matter incorporation. More than ninety per cent of the farmers were aware of seed treatment (96.66%), live bunds (97.50%), mulching (96.66%) and secondary tillage/hoeing (93.33%). Nearly forty per cent (38.33%) of the farmers belonged to medium adoption category of drought mitigation practices. High majority (85.00%) of the farmers adopted organic matter incorporation, live bunds (73.33%) and animal husbandry (76.66%). More than sixty per cent of the farmers adopted secondary tillage/ hoeing and off season tillage in case of tillage operations and planting geometry. Less than thirty five per cent of the farmers adopted agro forestry, agri-horti systems and agri-pastoral systems in case of alternate land use systems. Majority of the farmers (68.33%) practiced cow dung slurry treatment for seed treatment followed by cow urine treatment (31.66%) as the important ITKs. Early morning harvest was practiced by 80.00 per cent of the farmers for harvesting. Bunding and waste weir were the major practices taken up by the watershed department covering over 12,483 ha and 11,012 ha of area, respectively as the community level approaches of drought mitigation. Majority of the farmers expressed labour problems (63.33%), lack of knowledge (59.16%), time consuming operation (55.00%) and fragmented land holdings (60.00%) as the major reasons for non-adoption of drought mitigation practices.

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