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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2016)

Technological and Institutional Interventions and Their Impact on Livelihoods of Dryland Farm Households in Central Dry Zone of Karnataka

Jamaludheen A.

Titre : Technological and Institutional Interventions and Their Impact on Livelihoods of Dryland Farm Households in Central Dry Zone of Karnataka

Auteur : Jamaludheen A.

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Agricultural Economics 2016

Résumé
The study analyses the adoption status of various dryland technologies, identifies the factors responsible for adoption thereof, assesses their impact on socio-economic conditions of farmers in central dry zone (CDZ) of Karnataka, and suggests suitable policy interventions. A sample of 100 sample respondents from the zone was selected using multistage random sampling technique. The study mainly relies on primary data elicited from the sample respondents by personal interview method using a well designed and pre-tested schedule. Descriptive statistics, technology adoption index, multiple regression model and Garrett ranking test were employed to process the data. The Technology Adoption Index (TAI) in terms of complete adoption was highest (100%) in Sericulture, a component under Improved Livestock Management Practices (ILMP), while the minimum under this category was in cattle (38.15%). In Improved Energy Management System (IEMS), Improved Crop Production Practices (ICPT), Improved Soil and Water Conservation Technologies (ISWCT) and Improved Land Use Systems (ILUS), the TAIs of Complete Adoption were 48 per cent, 23 to 47 per cent, 11 to 29 per cent and 14 per cent, respectively. Size of land holding, proportion of irrigated area and diversification index were significant in explaining the extent of adoption of ISWCT, whereas, only proportion of irrigated area in case of ICPT and diversification index as well as non-crop income in case of ILMP were found significant in influencing the adoption level. There was an overall increment of 46.41 per cent in net income due to the adoption of different categories of improved technologies on the farms of study area. Costly labour and lack of awareness about technology were the major constraints in adopting ISWCT and ILMP by farmers, respectively. Commercial banks were the major source of all types of credit disbursed in the study area, while cooperatives were the major source for crop loan alone.

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