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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2016)

Economics of Sheep and Goat Farming in Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka

Sajjanshettar, Muralidhar S.

Titre : Economics of Sheep and Goat Farming in Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka

Auteur : Sajjanshettar, Muralidhar S.

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science Agriculture 2016

Résumé
The present study was undertaken to study the economics of sheep and goat farming in Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka using the data pertaining to the year 2014-15. The primary data were collected from 90 sample respondents from the study area. The sample respondents consists of 90 farmers selected from Belagavi, Bagalkote and Vijayapur districts and from each selected district 2 taluks comprising of 30 samples were selected randomly. From each taluk 15 goat and sheep farmers were selected for the study i.e., 30 samples in each district. The major analytical tools were used in study as the tabular analysis was used to work out the cost and returns structure of sheep and goats farming. Garrett rankings were used to analyze the problems and to identify major problem. Shepherd formula was used to analyze the identification of different marketing channels efficiency. The results of the study revealed that, the total cost of sheep and goat farming was 7,500 and 3,500 per animal per year for small and large farmers, respectively. The returns realized from the sale of animals, milk and manure were 6,000 and 2,500 per animal per year for small and large farmers respectively. Among sale of animals, the major receipt was found from the sale of grown up sheep (lambs) and goats (kid) which accounted for about 98.87 per cent of the total returns followed by sale of milk (0.58 %) and sale of manure (0.53 %). The net returns were realized by the sample farmers from sheep and goat farming was around 1,800 per animal per year. As a supplementary enterprise, sheep and goat farming provides a sizable net returns. Hence, there is ample scope for small and marginal farmers as well as agricultural labourers to take up the livestock enterprise as a gainful subsidiary occupation.

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