Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2019 → Assessing the forecast skill of agricultural drought forecast from satellite-derived products in the Lower Shire River Basin

Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) 2019

Assessing the forecast skill of agricultural drought forecast from satellite-derived products in the Lower Shire River Basin

Panis, Marijke

Titre : Assessing the forecast skill of agricultural drought forecast from satellite-derived products in the Lower Shire River Basin

Auteur : Panis, Marijke

Université de soutenance : Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2019

Résumé
In 2008 the Red Cross Red Crescent (RCRC) started with Forecast-based Financing pilots to improve existing Early-Warning Early Action systems. Forecast-based financing is a new methodology to prepare, deliver and respond in a more effective and efficient manner, based on hazard forecasts. Actions are triggered when a forecast exceeds a danger level in a vulnerable intervention area. Forecast-based financing consists of several implementation steps, of which the first three aim at impact-based forecasting. Therefore, In this study we investigate how forecast skill of agricultural drought forecasts can be achieved. More specifically, the aim is to identify the contribution of machine learning and satellite-derived products in early warning early action systems improving the forecast skill of agricultural drought forecasts. We explore this through a machine learning model for a case-study area of the Lower Shire River Basin in Malawi. Several experiments with different sets of predictors and predictands are conducted to test which data adds to the skill and at what spatial detail. As predictors, the following agro-climatic indices are used : cumulative precipitation, soil moisture anomalies,mland surface temperature anomalies, El Niño Southern Oscillation in July and four different dry spell categories within the growing season (0-2 days dry spell, 3-4 day dry spell, 5-10 day dry spell and larger than 10 day dry spell). As drought predictand, the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the vegetation optical depth(VOD) in March are used, the latter obtained from satellite data company VanderSat. The final set of predictors and predictands is narrowed down based on which data is available and with which quality (timeliness, reliability, accuracy). Initial results, show higher accuracy and weighted accuracy values for the models including soil moisture data compared to the ones without soil moisture, expect for the last month in the growing season, where it give opposite results. The outcome of the model can support humanitarian organisations to increase the lead time necessary to act upon a drought trigger and reduce the impact of such event.

Présentation Version intégrale (49 Mb)

Page publiée le 6 avril 2021