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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2020 → Regional Geology and Fracture Network Characterisation of the Southern Chotts and Jeffara Basins, Central Tunisia : Implications for Petroleum Reservoirs

Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) 2020

Regional Geology and Fracture Network Characterisation of the Southern Chotts and Jeffara Basins, Central Tunisia : Implications for Petroleum Reservoirs

Smith, Ruaridh

Titre : Regional Geology and Fracture Network Characterisation of the Southern Chotts and Jeffara Basins, Central Tunisia : Implications for Petroleum Reservoirs

Auteur : Smith, Ruaridh

Université de soutenance : Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

Grade : Master 2020

Résumé
The Southern Chotts and Jeffara Basins are situated within the Saharan Domain of Central Tunisia, North Africa. The Southern Chotts Basin hosts reservoirs within the Triassic, Permian and Ordovician units that contain significant hydrocarbon accumulations whilst the Jeffara Basin contains outcrop analogues of the same hydrocarbon­bearing formations. The basins experienced a late Hercynian shortening phase which involved the uplift of a major topographic high (Tebaga de Medenine). This high, in conjunction with a older regional high, the Telemzane Arch influenced the deposition and geometry of the Permian and Triassic units across both basins. This shortening event is characterised at the scale of hundreds of meters by E­W striking folds into which the mid­late Triassic and early Jurassic units are deposited. The folding is also observed at field scale (10’s meters) through small fault­related folds in the Permian deposits of the Tebaga de Medenine. This late Hercynian phase occurs between the late Permian and early Jurassic in the basins. Fracture data collected from the upper Permian and lower Triassic units (Jeffara Basin) provides an analogue to the fracture networks at depth (Southern Chotts Basin) in the Paleozoic reservoirs. A conjugate fracture system observed in the field (from fracture pavements) corroborates with the interpretation of regional shortening in the basins. Seismic attribute analysis on depth slices in the Paleozoic reservoirs also shows the conjugate system at depth. This analysis is integrated with outcrop fracture data and FMI data from wells to create an open fold distributed fracture model of the system in the basins. This model indicates the main driver for fracture generation in the region is folding and is used to predict the fracture networks at depth. This is undertaken using discrete fracture network (DFN) modelling of the subsurface. This model is integrated with a deterministic model from the seismic time slices to create a hybrid predictive fracture model of the early Paleozoic reservoirs. Analytical aperture modelling of the fracture model demonstrates the fractures varied in openness depending on orientation and fracture length. The conjugate set orientated at 240∘and longer joints detected from seismic attributes presented the widest aperture size. These fractures in the subsurface at implications on the transmissibility of the reservoirs, especially Permian units which have low bulk rock permeability and the lower Triassic (TAGI) sequences which are susceptible to compartmentalisation.

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Page publiée le 18 avril 2021