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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2020 → Mining and its Long-term Impacts on Local Livelihoods. A Case Study of Expected Mine Closure in Kwale County, Kenya.

Utrecht University (2020)

Mining and its Long-term Impacts on Local Livelihoods. A Case Study of Expected Mine Closure in Kwale County, Kenya.

Evers, B.

Titre : Mining and its Long-term Impacts on Local Livelihoods. A Case Study of Expected Mine Closure in Kwale County, Kenya.

Auteur : Evers, B.

Université de soutenance : Utrecht University

Grade : MSc International Development Studies 2020

Résumé partiel
For as long as new mines have been opened, others have been closed. Mineral resources are finite and eventually all existing mines will cease operating. However, what is often excluded from studies on mining and its impact on the local host-community, is the final stage of a mine’s life-cycle : mine closure. This research set out to describe and analyse the long-term impacts of mining on the livelihoods of host-community members, including implications associated with expected mine closure. It makes use of a particular case study, being that of the Kwale Project in Kwale county, Kenya, where mining company Base Titanium is extracting minerals ever since the start of production in 2013 and is expecting to close the Kwale mine mid-2023. Primary data has been collected through ethnographic participant observation and semi-structured in-depth interviews with community members and other relevant stakeholders carefully selected through snowball sampling. Fieldwork has been carried out in February and March of 2020 in Kwale county, Kenya. Due to the global pandemic and subsequently, the ending of field work, primary data has been complemented with secondary data, consisting of a combination of textual sources (e.g. statistical data archives, previous relevant research, reports from local NGOs, CSOs and Base Titanium, and internet-accessible interlocutors). Outcomes of this research confirm that local host-community members are negatively and positively impacted by Base Titanium’s mining activities in the past, present and presumably also in the future. Positive impacts include a substantial rise in community development projects initiated and implemented by Base Titanium, enhanced skills through the provision of trainings, improved health and nutrition and promising educational opportunities

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Page publiée le 17 avril 2021