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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2016 → Run-off irrigation and terraces agriculture at Udhruh, Understanding its role in Petra’s hinterland from the Nabataean to the Byzantine period in southern Jordan.

Universiteit Leiden (2016)

Run-off irrigation and terraces agriculture at Udhruh, Understanding its role in Petra’s hinterland from the Nabataean to the Byzantine period in southern Jordan.

Santiago Marrero, Carlos G.

Titre : Run-off irrigation and terraces agriculture at Udhruh, Understanding its role in Petra’s hinterland from the Nabataean to the Byzantine period in southern Jordan.

Auteur : Santiago Marrero, Carlos G.

Université de soutenance : Universiteit Leiden

Grade : Master thesis | Archaeology (MA/MSc) 2016

Résumé partiel
This thesis aims to explore how run-off irrigation and terraces agriculture can be used to have a better understanding of the socio-economic dynamics and farming economy of the Petra region between the Nabataean and the Byzantine Periods (100 BC – 400 AD approx.). Run-off irrigation and agricultural terraces are common around Petra and its hinterland. Despite such farming structures in Udhruh, a site located east of Petra, having been studied in detail in recent years, their roles in the hinterland’s farming economy are not completely clear yet. While the lack of material culture remains and stratified sequences in these agricultural systems represent a challenge for archaeologists, farming installations can be contrasted with the available archaeological and historical data. Using this approach, the vast agricultural landscape of Udhruh emerges. Five areas around the city of Petra and its hinterland which have evidence of run-off and agricultural terraces were selected for comparison : Beida and Wadi Musa, in the vicinity of the city, were all related to wine and olive production ; and Humayma, Bir Madhkur and Wadi Faynan, sites in the hinterland, were cereal-based farming economies under military or imperial control. This information was contrasted with available data from Udhruh in order to understand the nature of its farming economy, which is found to fit with the hinterland pattern. A yield productivity estimation was then performed on one of the ancient terrace systems located northwest of Udhruh, followed by a population estimation to provide a quantitative image of how much such systems contributed to the ancient farming economy.

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Page publiée le 11 avril 2021