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University of Amsterdam (2014)

Searching for the potential of agricultural development : a comparative study of inclusion of cocoa farmers in Ghana and sesame farmers in Burkina Faso

Oudendijk Kati

Titre : Searching for the potential of agricultural development : a comparative study of inclusion of cocoa farmers in Ghana and sesame farmers in Burkina Faso

Auteur : Oudendijk Kati

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : Research Master International Development Studies 2014

Résumé _ Although large part of Africa’s population still generates an income from agricultural activities, benefiting from agricultural trade has remained a challenge for the rural population. Little is known on why and how farmers can benefit from globalization processes. The recent debate on inclusion focuses on the link between farmer and value chain. This study contributes to this debate by reflecting on the theoretical framework with a comparative analysis of the cocoa sector in Ghana and the sesame sector in Burkina Faso. The concept is elaborated by highlighting the role of institutions and analyzing the heterogeneity among farmers to see what farmers benefit from different terms of inclusion. This study is based on three and a half months of fieldwork in Ghana and Burkina Faso, during which a total number of 52 qualitative interviews with stakeholders, 10 participatory workshops with stakeholders and 146 quantitative interviews with farmers were conducted. The study showed that there was a large effect of the export market and the level of government regulation on the working of the value chain and the level of intervention. In both cases, the high demand led to high market access in the areas studied. However, whereas the sesame farmers face little market demands, the level of intervention in the cocoa sector was high in order to avoid supplier failure in the future. The demands and knowledge of these interventions might not be in line with the need and perspective of farmers. This suggests that inclusion of in GVCs and institutions is not necessarily good ; rather, careful assessment of how external processes correspond with local reality is required in order to understand how different farmers can benefit from inclusion.

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Page publiée le 10 avril 2021