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University of Amsterdam (2018)

How the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Palestine would score using the global entrepreneurial monitor index

Joma Riyad

Titre : How the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Palestine would score using the global entrepreneurial monitor index

Auteur : Joma Riyad

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : Msc. Entrepreneurship joint degree Master UvA and VU 2018

Résumé _ Fast growing entrepreneurial enterprises constitute a principal source of innovation, productivity growth and job creation (World Economic Forum, 2013). Measuring the entrepreneurial ecosystem in Palestine adds a particular importance to this study. Entrepreneurs act as a catalyst for economic and social progress (World Economic Forum, 2013). A huge corpus of studies, therefore, has tackled the significance of the entrepreneurial environment as well as the economic indicators that matter most for vibrancy and growth. Aimed at measuring the entrepreneurial ecosystem across the globe, ‘the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) has tracked rates of entrepreneurship across multiple phases of entrepreneurial activity, assessed the characteristics, motivations and ambitions of entrepreneurs ; and explored the attitudes societies have towards this activity’ (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2016). In principle, the study delves into the current entrepreneurial ecosystem in Palestine. It also aims to find a proxy that measures the factors addressed in the GEM© model, i.e., the National Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions. Those conditions have nine distinctive categories : entrepreneurial finance, government policy, entrepreneurial subsidized programs, entrepreneurship education, research and development transfer, commercial and legal infrastructure, internal market openness, physical infrastructure, and cultural and social norms (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2016). The research shows that Palestine is still lacking in the many aspects in the ecosystem. It scored the lowest on a scale of nine in R&D transfer (2.1) which is lower than the reported 2016/2017 mean of (3.8). The score is equal to that reported in Senegal at the bottom of the table. The highest score obtained was in the physical infrastructure (6) which is less than the global mean of (6.5) ranking Palestine 50th equal with Kazakhstan and the United Kingdom, higher than Turkey and Jamaica and lower than Columbia. Over all, the final grade for Palestine on the same scale was (3.96).

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Page publiée le 11 avril 2021