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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2020 → Exploring meta-tourism and development rethinking authenticity in cultural tourism : a case study in Nyae Nyae conservancy, Namibia

Wageningen University (2020)

Exploring meta-tourism and development rethinking authenticity in cultural tourism : a case study in Nyae Nyae conservancy, Namibia

Katsimpri, Evangelia

Titre : Exploring meta-tourism and development rethinking authenticity in cultural tourism : a case study in Nyae Nyae conservancy, Namibia

Auteur : Katsimpri, Evangelia

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) Rural Development Sociology 2020

Résumé
Cultural tourism is defined as the form of tourism, which provides new knowledge, experiences and encounters. An ethnic group, that is extensively involved in cultural tourism are the Ju/’hoansi of Nyae Nyae. Due to their geographical isolation and tradition lifestyle, they are considered as the original hunter-gatherers. However, as the Ju/’hoansi engage more and more into tourism development projects, tour operators are not able to conceal the impact of tourism on the local culture. A new narrative is generated which is defined as meta-tourism. The Ju/’hoansi thus are not portrayed merely as the primitive ‘Others’, but also as modernising subjects. Tourism development is regarded as a positive force in the local community that paradoxically provides income generation that enables the Ju/’hoansi to become members of the modern society and at the same time, contributes to their cultural preservation. As a result, tourists centre their attention to the benevolent character of their visit and their contribution to the potential inclusion of the Ju/’hoansi in the global socioeconomic system. This creates authenticity in an existential level as the tourists perceive themselves as the authentic one the ‘Other’ wants to imitate. Meta-tourism thus, could be used as a way to increase a donor-driven development culture or/and as an empowerment device for the local Ju/’hoan community.

Mots Clés : meta-tourism, cultural tourism, Ju/’hoansi, existential authenticity, tourism development, Nyae Nyae Conservancy

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Page publiée le 16 avril 2021