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University of Amsterdam (2016)

Water security in Nakuru Town, Kenya : about the challenges in the formal water sector and how to adapt to them

Rigter Lianne

Titre : Water security in Nakuru Town, Kenya : about the challenges in the formal water sector and how to adapt to them

Auteur : Rigter Lianne

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : Master 2016

Résumé
Water security is a popular topic within development studies. Water is a basic need and related to many other factors necessary to sustain a livelihood. Water (in)security manifests itself in different ways, which makes context very important. Nakuru Town (Kenya) is known for its water scarcity, but reasons for- and effects of the water situation have not yet been documented. This knowledge gap challenges (foreign) organisations to provide sufficient aid. This research portrays the challenges that the main water provider, NAWASSCO, faces in terms of water provision and elaborates on the adaptation strategies of water institutions in Nakuru Town, Kenya. For this research, theories on the water balance, hydrological cycle and adaptation methods are used. The combination of qualitative interviews and quantitative, secondary data has made it possible to both describe and explain the matter of water scarcity and adaptation. One of the most important challenges for Nakuru Town’s water security is population growth and environmental degradation. Population growth puts a lot of pressure on water distribution in Nakuru Town. Currently, the main water provider can only meet 58% of the current water demand. Also, although precipitation has increase significantly over the past 35 years, environmental degradation causes water run-off which makes it difficult to abstract water. This also changes the quality of the water, which is another challenge for NAWASSCO. Adaptation strategies by the water institutions are both short term and conventional, as well as long-term an ecologically oriented. Most respondents emphasize the need for long term solutions, such as conservation of wetlands and restoring of river banks to sustain the hydrological cycle. An effective adaptation strategy by WRMA includes community involvement in environmental preservation. This approach is especially effective within the local context. Furthermore, technical and financial support for local communities is important, as well as proper education to increase environmental awareness and break through old habits.

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Page publiée le 11 avril 2021