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University of Amsterdam (2015)

Policy networking and meta-governance of solar photovoltaic in Kenya

Vorlaufer Tobias

Titre : Policy networking and meta-governance of solar photovoltaic in Kenya

Auteur : Vorlaufer Tobias

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : MSc International Development Studies 2015

Résumé
This thesis explores the lobbying strategies of companies involved in solar Photovoltaic deployment in Kenya. While Renewable Energy (RE) research focuses predominantly on regulatory and technological issues, the political dimension of the RE transition is widely overlooked by social scientists. This thesis aims to demonstrate how research can contribute to filling this current void in academia. The underlying theoretical framework combines the concept of Meta-Governance with aspects from policy network theory. The former concept assumes that the state retains its central role in setting the preconditions for newly emerging governance arrangements. Policy network theory supposes that stakeholders cooperate in networks to influence policies. While Meta- Governance influences abilities of companies to lobby, policy networks are expected to influence policy outcomes and thereby Meta-Governance. The synthesized theoretical framework assumes thus a dialectical relationship between Meta-Governance and policy networks. In the course of a sixth month fieldwork a survey among 57 organizations collected data on collaboration and communication networks. Furthermore, eleven qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with key stakeholders. Findings suggest that three particular aspects influence the lobbying strategies of companies : the market position, the perceived policy context and resources available for lobbying. Among three in-depth studied companies, the larger ones can articulate their interests more effectively due to better relations to governmental institutions and more influence on a private sector association. On the other hand a smaller, yet more innovative company is constrained by its peripheral market position as well as weak relations to government agencies and associations. These diverging capabilities of companies to lobby can be considered as a nexus between Meta-Governance and policy networks. Established stakeholders that are currently favoured by the Meta-Governance can articulate their interests more effectively and thereby shape Meta-Governance of solar Photovoltaic in Kenya.

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