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University of Amsterdam (2017)

Food and nutrition security for Kenya’s urban farmers : perceptions and trends of the urban local food plate in Kisumu

Loo K.

Titre : Food and nutrition security for Kenya’s urban farmers : perceptions and trends of the urban local food plate in Kisumu

Auteur : Loo K.

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : MSc International Development Studies 2017

Résumé
Food insecurity and malnutrition are major issues, that hinder Kenya from becoming a healthy nation (Mohajan, 2014). The agricultural sector is the mainstay of the Kenyan economy and food and nutrition insecurity are often allowed to the performance of agricultural practices. Especially in the urban informal settlements where arable land is rare and urbanization is causes population growth and high poverty levels, food and nutrition security is far from being reached. For this study food and nutrition security has been conceptualized into availability, access, stability, and utilization, emphasizing the household level and seeking to reveal the perceptions of urban farmers on food and nutrition security. Previous studies have focused more on large scaled food security, and this study aims to recognize the issue of food security as well as nutrition security focusing on the household level of small scaled urban farmers. Leading to the following research question : “How do female urban farmers in the slums of Kisumu, Kenya perceive and acquire food and nutrition security, which barriers do they face in this respect, and what role do social groups play in overcoming some of these barriers ?” Field research was conducted in 2016 during 2 months in one of the urban informal settlements of Kisumu, Kenya where the urban population is rapidly increasing and food plates are shifting towards a high-calorie and low-nutrient diet. Data was primarily retrieved through qualitative research methods such as interviews and focus group discussions amongst a population of urban farmers and their community. Findings indicate that the importance of Agricultural practices is not valued, and the lack of information on nutrition and farming contribute to food and nutrition insecurity. For future research design, the necessity of including perceptions and social dynamics from the domestic level to the policy level should be valued, with a stronger emphasis on food and nutrition.

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