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University of Amsterdam (2016)

Water scarcity and political instability : an in-depth case study of Kenya’s water crisis

Kaptein S.

Titre : Water scarcity and political instability : an in-depth case study of Kenya’s water crisis

Auteur : Kaptein S.

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : Master Thesis Political Science - International Relations 2016

Résumé
This study examines the impact of water scarcity on the political instability of a country. In this thesis, Kenya is used as an in-depth case study. Effects of global warming causes severe droughts in Kenya, while fast population growth and poor management of water supply enhances Kenya’s water crisis. The analysis section of this thesis is presented in three chapters. In the first chapter, the impact of water scarcity on the Kenyan population and environment is examined and an overview of drought episodes is provided. The second chapter sets out that events of water-related-conflicts increases in times of drought. This chapter also shows that historic tribal clashes contribute to the eruption of water related conflicts. The third chapter provides an overview of the political context in Kenya of the period 1990-2013. Also, indicators of political instability from the study of Jong-A-Pin (2009) are used to examine Kenya’s political stability. Evidently, all of the indicators of political instability were present during the period 1990-2013, indicating that Kenya was political unstable. Two of the nine indicators were related to water scarcity. This means that water scarcity can contribute to the political instability of a country, direct or indirect via the enhancement of the factors ‘ethnic tensions’ and/or ‘civil conflicts’.

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Page publiée le 11 avril 2021