Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2019 → Looking beyond the visible : how food value chain developments affect its neglected stakeholders : case study of the female Injera bakers in the Teff value chain in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

University of Amsterdam (2019)

Looking beyond the visible : how food value chain developments affect its neglected stakeholders : case study of the female Injera bakers in the Teff value chain in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Smith Diede

Titre : Looking beyond the visible : how food value chain developments affect its neglected stakeholders : case study of the female Injera bakers in the Teff value chain in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Auteur : Smith Diede

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : MSc International Development Studies 2019

Résumé
Women and their labour are often not adequately reflected in policies that affect them. This also happens in food value chain (FVC) developments. Women play an important role in realizing the developments in FVCs, but their labour is often neglected in related policies. The female injera bakers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, have suffered a similar fate : they have been neglected in the policies on improving the teff value chain. The purpose of this research was to look beyond the visible and to investigate how the developments in the teff value chain over the last five years have affected the visibility and possibilities for empowerment of the female injera bakers in Addis Ababa. The question that led this research was : ‘How have the changes in the food value chain of teff affected the visibility and empowerment of female injera bakers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ?’. This research relied on mixed methods, including twenty-three semi-structured interviews, forty surveys and participant observation. It was found that the developments in the teff value chain were overall more positive in the formal than in the informal sector. The female injera bakers in the formal sector saw increased opportunities for empowerment due to the changes. Since the relation between the chain and the sectors are mutually constitutive, meaning that they are in constant interaction and constantly influence each other, this thus simultaneously led to positive developments in the teff value chain. The female injera bakers in the informal sector experienced increased invisibility of their labour, and less empowerment opportunities due to the changes in the chain. These negative effects run along the lines of the formality of the labour, as well as gender, class, age and ability. By neglecting the female stakeholders in the developments of the teff value chain, existing inequalities increased and the most vulnerable have been further marginalised. The policy recommendations coming forth from the analysis of this research is fourfold. First, it is argued that informal bakers must get the opportunity to register their businesses at the local woreda so their businesses can be acknowledged by the public. Also, they should be able to get quality marks which can prove the legitimacy of their labour and the products they make. All without taxes being held from their profits which barely make a living wage. Second, the existing labour rights should be promoted by either the Ethiopian government or aid organisations. This will lead to greater knowledge of their rights as labourers, as well as an increased sense of collectivity which can lead to a better bargaining position vis-à-vis their clients. Third, women’s representation in leadership position in the government must be increased in order to open up the public discourse on gender equality, to show that women can be equal leaders and labourers to men and to eventually trickle-down into society and thereby to reduce gender inequality in Ethiopia. Fourth, the Ethiopian government should protect the injera bakers by setting a minimum/controlling the price of injera, subsidising injera for the local consumers and support the bakers with human and material resources.

Présentation

Version intégrale (13 Mb)

Page publiée le 12 avril 2021