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University of Amsterdam (2017)

The impact of community based development program on women’s empowerment in Ethiopia

van Niekerk C.

Titre : The impact of community based development program on women’s empowerment in Ethiopia

Auteur : van Niekerk C.

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : MSc Economics with a specialization in Development Economics 2017

Résumé
In 2003, the Health Extension Program (HEP) was implemented in Ethiopia. The program is a community based development program that uses young local women to provide basic healthcare to their communities. Beyond improving health, a goal of the program is to empower communities. This paper investigates the effect of HEP implementation on women’s empowerment using a difference-indifference model. The key finding is that the HEP has caused an increase in women’s empowerment. Additionally, since the implementation of the HEP, “justified” wife beating has decreased and increases are seen in contraception use and having worked in the last 12 months have. Although Ethiopia has a varied religious composition, this paper also shows that the HEP has increased women’s empowerment regardless of their religious affiliation

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