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University of Waterloo (2020)

Obstacles and Opportunities in Planning and Implementing Integrated Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management (ISMSWM) in Kuwait – a Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Country

AlManssoor, Alyaa

Titre : Obstacles and Opportunities in Planning and Implementing Integrated Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management (ISMSWM) in Kuwait – a Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Country

Auteur : AlManssoor, Alyaa

Université de soutenance : University of Waterloo

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Geography 2020

Résumé partiel
The conventional municipal solid waste (MSW) management approach focuses on collection, transportation and final disposal, while at the same time neglecting the prevention of waste and recycling. The conventional approach focuses mainly on technical solutions and economic efficiency of disposal of MSW. Yet, because this approach deals with waste streams individually it is ineffective. The evolving concept of sustainable development (SD) indicates a transition from conventional systems to more integrated systems for resource management. Planning and implementing a sustainable MSW system imply the adoption of “integrated approaches” but there are gaps in the operationalization and often the social dimensions are overlooked. High-income nations continue to develop systems approaches that meet their current and future needs and ensure that both governments and residents understand the need for proper MSW management. A parallel situation does not readily apply to oil exporting high-income Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The State of Kuwait was chosen as a case study to explore the obstacles and opportunities of planning and implementing an integrated and sustainable MSW management (ISMSWM) system. Accordingly, the current study established a goal to reach beyond the recommendation of “integration approaches” to better understand and recognize how to operationalize the “integration” of an MSW management system. As a first step, a conceptual framework of planning for an ISMSWM system was developed, refined and tested. In this research, an ISMSWM framework was designed to account for integrated environmental management (IEM) approaches along with sustainable development dimensions, stakeholders’ involvement, SWM elements and approaches and Environmental system analysis (ESA) tools to address the obstacles and opportunities during planning, decision-making and operationalization of an ISMSWM system.

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