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University of Amsterdam (2017)

The effects of trade with the European Union on women’s rights : a mixed methods analysis of the development of women’s rights in the Mahgreb

Wansink C.

Titre : The effects of trade with the European Union on women’s rights : a mixed methods analysis of the development of women’s rights in the Mahgreb

Auteur : Wansink C.

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : Master Thesis Political Science 2017

Résumé
In the last decade, the effects that globalization and economic policies like trade liberalization have on women’s rights have gained increasing attention. Gender equality is an important component of development and even more importantly, it has great normative value. The literature on the effects of trade liberalization on women’s rights is extensive and has explored different causal mechanisms. The literature on policy diffusion has recently started to study whether trade with higher standards countries could have a spill over effect on women’s rights. However, country-specific factors like oil and religious legislation are also known to influence women’s rights. This thesis aims to fill the gap in the policy diffusion literature by taking domestic factors like oil and religion into account. It will do so by studying the Maghreb region in a mixed methods design. The causal mechanism behind policy diffusion through trade with the European Union (EU) will be studied to gain more insight into the effects of trade with the EU on women’s rights in the Maghreb. This thesis reveals that the role of religion in politics has played a determining role in the development of women’s rights in Algeria and Tunisia. Domestic factors influence the spatial effect caused by trade and are crucial to increase our understanding of policy diffusion mechanisms.

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Page publiée le 12 avril 2021