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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2016 → Namibia : resettlement and development : the National Resettlement Programme as a means to effect change in the Namibian sustainable development and capabilities

University of Amsterdam (2016)

Namibia : resettlement and development : the National Resettlement Programme as a means to effect change in the Namibian sustainable development and capabilities

Lawrance J.

Titre : Namibia : resettlement and development : the National Resettlement Programme as a means to effect change in the Namibian sustainable development and capabilities

Auteur : Lawrance J.

Université de soutenance : University of Amsterdam

Grade : Master International Development Studies 2016

Résumé
The existing academic research focuses on the policy implications of commercial land reform in the context of rural Namibia. Whilst this has given meaningful output regarding our understanding of the livelihoods of the beneficiaries of land reform, past research has tended not to assess the effectiveness of these policies at achieving development in line with contemporary development theory. Looking specifically at the ‘National Resettlement Programme’ and drawing upon the Namibian government’s position, this thesis takes the position that land reform should enhance ‘Sustainable Development’ within Namibian society. Additionally, through Sen.’s ‘Capabilities Approach’, the thesis also assesses the effects of land reform upon capability development. Conceptually both theories are used to explain phenomena that occur at two respective levels : the societal and the individual. The study uses a qualitative dataset built predominantly upon semi—‐structured interviews with resettlement beneficiaries and other key local actors. After collation the empirical data has been used to assess and discuss the perceived effects of the ‘National Resettlement Programme’ in achieving both sustainable development and enhancing capabilities. The principle aim of this study was to offer insight as to how the National Resettlement Programme might be improved in order to enhance both sustainable development and capabilities. This research indicates that whilst benefitting some people, the policy has also had a detrimental effect upon the rural economy and negatively impacts upon rural farmworkers. The study concludes by offering recommendations as to how the programme might be altered in order to improve capabilities and sustainable development in rural Namibia in the future, whilst also considering that Namibia is ultimately urbanising and that this might be a more relevant direction for policymakers to consider.

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Page publiée le 12 avril 2021