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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Inde → 1990- 1999 → CROP WEATHER RELATIONSHIPS IN SUMMER PEARL MILLET (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) AND TESTING OF CERES MILLET MODEL FOR THE MIDDLE GUJARAT AGROCLIMATIC ZONE

Gujarat Agricultural University (1993)

CROP WEATHER RELATIONSHIPS IN SUMMER PEARL MILLET (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) AND TESTING OF CERES MILLET MODEL FOR THE MIDDLE GUJARAT AGROCLIMATIC ZONE

Maniyar, Vijayprakash Govindlalji

Titre : CROP WEATHER RELATIONSHIPS IN SUMMER PEARL MILLET (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) AND TESTING OF CERES MILLET MODEL FOR THE MIDDLE GUJARAT AGROCLIMATIC ZONE

Auteur : Maniyar, Vijayprakash Govindlalji

Université de soutenance : Gujarat Agricultural University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Agricultural Meteorology 1993

Résumé partiel
Pearl millet fPennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) is one of the most important and widely cultivated cereal crop in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. It is generally, grown as rainfed crop in rainy season in the scanty rainfall area and on poor soils. It is more resistant to drought than sorghum. It can sustain under higher temperature regimes. Under intensive cropping system, it has its own place and being cultivated during summer season, where irrigation facilities are available. Weather variables affect the crop growth differently in different phenophases during its growth cycle. Field experiments during summer season of 1991 and 1992 were conducted with Cv.GHB-30 and were laidout in split plot design, with three dates of sowing as main plot and four irrigation regimes as sub-plot, replicated thrice. The results obtained during the course of investigation revealed that, higher temperatures decreased the duration of the crop with the delay in sowing. Higher relative humidity during flowering stage gave higher grain yields. Higher grain yields were recorded from first date of sowing. However, reduction was lesser in second date of sowing. Late sown crop recorded lowest grain yields. Irrigation scheduled through IW/CPE = 1.0 proved best. However, irrigation scheduled by infrared thermometry could save about 30 to 35% of irrigation water with no much reduction in grain yields. Yield attribute such as earhead weight had positively contributed towards grain yield. Consumptive use of water increased with increase in the frequency of irrigation. However, water use efficiency was higher with lesser irrigation frequencies, indicating a drought resistance trait in summer pearl millet. Stress degree days had significant negative correlation with growth attributes.

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