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Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (2003)

Assessment of food security in rural households a study in southern tamil nadu

Venkatram R.

Titre : Assessment of food security in rural households a study in southern tamil nadu

Auteur : Venkatram R.

Université de soutenance : Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Agricultural Economics 2003

Résumé partiel
Recognizing the significance of food security at household level, this study aimed at examining the institutional set up and to analyze the growth performance of agriculture and their implications on food security at State level ; to develop household level indicators on food security and to measure the adequacy of food ; to investigate the linkages among food, health and education and to evaluate functioning of Public Distribution System and other welfare programmes related to food security at household level. Both secondary and primary data were used for the study. The secondary data for Tamil Nadu State were collected from various published sources. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select the ultimate respondents in each district viz. Virudhunagar (less developed) and Kanyakumari (well developed). The sample households were post-stratified into low and high income group in each district. Simple percentage analyses were performed to examine the institutional set up related to food security at State level. The performance in agriculture was examined through compound growth rates. Using Almost Ideal Demand System, the food demand at household level was estimated. Food consumed by households yield certain amount of calories and the calories acquisition function was fitted to examine nutritional aspects. Besides, rice consumption function was used to examine the role of PDS in supply of calories through rice. Further, the role of PDS in enhancing food security was assessed through an optimal allotment scheme based on allotment and off-take pattern in ration shop. The results at State level indicated that tertiary sector‟s contribution to Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) has increased since 1960s. The per capita income has however increased only marginally. The proportion of development expenditure to total revenue expenditure, which was as high as 72 percent in early 1990s, reduced to 58 per cent in late 1990s. The current trend of declining net area sown, dwindling size of operational holding, increasing urbanization and population density, work force employed mostly in unorganized sector, higher level of school drop outs among girls and high proportion of population covered by a medical practitioner especially in rural areas, could slow down the process of enhancing food security, education and health services in the State.

Présentation et version intégrale (Shodhganga)

Page publiée le 22 avril 2021