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Cardiff University (2019)

Creation of local comprehensive sustainability framework for developing cities : A case study in the Iraqi capital Baghdad

Mohsin, Marwah

Titre : Creation of local comprehensive sustainability framework for developing cities : A case study in the Iraqi capital Baghdad

Auteur : Mohsin, Marwah

Etablissement de soutenance : Cardiff University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2019

Résumé partiel
Cities are responsible for a high percentage of CO2 emissions and environmental pollution. This is due to rapid urbanization, population growth, lack of environmental strategies, and increasing transport and energy demand. Thus, there is an essential need to adopt urban sustainability frameworks to guide future development combatting current and future environmental challenges. However, developing urban sustainability frameworks presents increasingly major challenges in developing countries, specifically in unstable regions, due to locality specific issues such as ; lack of environmental strategy, increased transport and energy demand, population-inflation and housing deficit. Previous studies have developed sustainability frameworks based on the requirements of developed countries which are different from those of developing countries, in particular, those affected by harsh conditions such as wars. This study will focus on the development of a comprehensive sustainability framework for Iraq. Iraq has faced several decades of war and international sanctions, impacting its overall public services and utilities, socio-economy, and infrastructure. Thus, there are many local issues that must be considered. Additionally, it is vital to ensure public engagement and involvement in decision-making in any developments. This study has engaged with the Iraqi public, through an online survey, in order to investigate their role as a stakeholder and to ; identify their priorities, gather their assessment of the current public services and utilities, and stimulate increased public awareness towards urban sustainable development goals. Informed by this survey, an expert consultation was conducted using the Delphi technique to identify the consituent indicators of the framework. Statistical analysis was then used to identify the significant differences between public perceptions and expert views. This revealed that there were 13 areas that showed significant differences in views and six areas that showed no differences in views

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