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Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (2003)

Developing strategies for sustainable dry farming

Ramasubramanian M.

Titre : Developing strategies for sustainable dry farming

Auteur : Ramasubramanian M.

Université de soutenance : Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Agriculture Extension 2003

Résumé partiel
Dryland farming has a distinct place in Indian Agriculture, supporting 40 per cent of the population. The socio-economic conditions of majority of dryland farmers is poor due to many constraints. Economic, social and ecological sustainability of dryland farming can be brought about by diversification of farm operations. The study was carried out in 10 villages of Aruppukottai block in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu. The present study was taken up to analyse the profile of dryland farmers ; to study the knowledge and adoption of dryland farmers in recommended dry farming practices, cotton, sorghum, cumbu, pulses, dairying and goat rearing practices ; to study the marketing behaviour of dryland farmers ; to analyse the income and employment level of dryland farmers ; to identify migratory pattern of dryland farmers ; to analyse the training needs, preferences and constraints of dryland farmers and to suggest strategies for sustainable farming. The present study was conducted among 200 dryland farmers, 50 each representing crop alone, crop + dairying, crop + goat rearing and crop + dairying + goat rearing categories. The salient findings of the study are highlighted below. Majority of the respondents were in the age group of young to middle and in the educational level of primary to middle school. Majority had farming + wage earning as predominant occupation. The respondents of crop + dairying + goat rearing had more farming experience while in crop alone category low level of farming experience was dominant. Farm status, family status, farm power status and material status were high among respondents who had more than one enterprise (i.e.) any enterprise along with farming. Majority of the respondents had 1-2 cows irrespective of the category. Crop + goat rearing category respondents had more number of goats than other categories. Social participation status was high among respondents of crop + dairying + goat rearing whereas low to medium social participation was dominant among other category respondents. Information seeking behaviour and communication status were low to medium among majority of the respondents of all categories. The dominant decision-making pattern among respondents was self decision without consulting others. Medium to low credit orientation, economic motivation, risk orientation and infrastructure utilisation behaviour was possessed by majority of respondents. Scientific orientation and market orientation were low to medium among majority of respondents, while respondents of crop + dairying + goat rearing and crop + dairying had medium to high scientific orientation and market orientation

Présentation et version intégrale (Shodhganga)

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