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Università Politecnica delle Marche (2013)

Studio analitico - sperimentale di involucri ad alta efficienza energetica in clima Mediterraneo

TOMASSONI, ELISA

Titre : Studio analitico - sperimentale di involucri ad alta efficienza energetica in clima Mediterraneo

Auteur : TOMASSONI, ELISA

Université de soutenance : Università Politecnica delle Marche

Grade : Dottorato 2013

Résumé
This research is aimed at identifying, analytically and experimentally, the performance of several envelopes in high efficiency residential buildings under a Mediterranean climate, in terms of energy performance, thermal comfort and sustainability. The high efficiency buildings attract considerable attention since the recent Directives 2010/31/EU e 2012/27/EU set as an objective the standard of nearly zero energy building for new constructions. The German Passivhaus standards represent a good model to be followed in cold climates while the adoption of this model in Mediterranean climates caus es summer overheating problems. The new Directives recently highlighted the importance to consider the specific climate, however the development of constructive techniques for energy efficient envelopes suitable for a Mediterranean climate still remains an open question. Therefore the aim of the study is to verify, analytically and experimentally, the perfor mance of super insulated wooden envelopes, typical of the Passivhaus model, in hot summer temperate climates and to compare them with different types of construction techniques characterized by higher thermal inertia, commonly adopted in the Mediterrane an area. The aim is also to evaluate, experimentally and analytically, the behavior of a mixed weight technique identified as a possible solution to the summer overheating prob lem since on the inner side of the lightweight and super insulated wooden envelope, a mas sive panel was adopted. The method adopted set up an integrated strategy between monitoring and calibrated simulations on experimental data, and involved the simultaneous analysis of several aspects such as energy performance, comfort and environmental economic sustainability through a multidisciplinary approach. The study is also carried out through the adoption of different evaluation methods for each analyzed aspect and it involved a series of parametric analyses to generalize the results to various climate zones, use patterns of plants and passive cooling techniques. In high efficiency residential buildings located in a Mediterranean climate, where the summer thermal performance is a priority, lightweight solutions, even if they have a lower environmental impact, present overheating problems which can be solved through the adoption of appropriate passive strategies, such as the increase of the thermal inertia on the inner side and the night ventilation of the environments.

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Page publiée le 30 avril 2021