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Politecnico di Milano (2019)

Proofing concept of active-passive house. Optimization strategies for a prototype in Hamburg and Cairo

OTHMAN, MAHMOUD ABDEL HAMEED MAHMOUD

Titre : Proofing concept of active-passive house. Optimization strategies for a prototype in Hamburg and Cairo

Auteur : OTHMAN, MAHMOUD ABDEL HAMEED MAHMOUD

Université de soutenance : Politecnico di Milano

Grade : Laurea Magistrale 2019

Résumé
An innovative building concept based on modular design approach presented by P+ Studio and in collaboration with Architectural and Building Engineering Program, Politecnico di Milano in order to represent an energy efficient building adoptive to climatic change and described as an “Active-passive House” of a responsive system for a mixed mode operation of active, hybrid and passive component sets has been defined as suitable building for different environmental conditions due to the variety of the systems used spontaneously to achieve comfort conditions. The case represents a prototypical module that can be assembled for sizing a building according to user requirements with strategies for the air flow pattern, double façade system and earth duct to be integrated with active systems of renewable energy sources such as horizontal axis wind turbines. Moreover, the roof uses a combination of both solar thermal collectors and PV solar thermal. The Thesis is a study of proofing the concept in terms of system integration within possible constrains for two different climatic conditions to be Cairo as a hot arid dry climate and Hamburg as a cold temperate humid climate. Then a sequence of optimizing processes to be made on prototypical module in order to provide the boundary conditions where the module can perform the best with the lowest energy demand and cross referencing these demands to passive house standard and available local standards meant for energy efficient houses. Therefore a starting point from the passive house institute guidelines and exploiting the performance in each component in the building, their integration to define an operation mode based on the climatic context and to be followed with a series of potential options of glazing ratio, wall systems and ventilation strategies and finalize with a reasonable module that fits into its climate context with low demands covered by renewable energy sources.

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Page publiée le 23 avril 2021