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Politecnico di Milano (2014)

Urban growth and gradual death of historic inner cities of Iran. Case studies : Kashan and Tabriz

NASIRI, SANAM

Titre : Urban growth and gradual death of historic inner cities of Iran. Case studies : Kashan and Tabriz

Auteur : NASIRI, SANAM

Université de soutenance : Politecnico di Milano

Grade : Laurea Magistrale 2014

Résumé partiel
Rapid urban growth during the last century in Iran has led to vast physical expansion of the urban areas of existing cities whilst giving cause to the creation of new cities. These developments have happened fast, without consideration to Iranian identity and traditional urban construction principles. The only areas left that provide evidence of these valuable principles are the historic centres of the cities. By the beginning of the 1920s with the arrival of modernisation to Iran, the Pahlavi Dynasty formed a centralised state in the nation ; following this the first urban interventions were started by constructing new streets and widening the existing ones in old historic centres of cities for facilitating vehicle circulation. These kinds of interventions were first done in Tehran and then continued through to other cities. Most of the valuable architectural elements and urban spaces remain located in historic and old districts of cities, and although in many cases these historic buildings have been preserved both physically and individually, the importance lies with that previously, these elements could together create an integrated spatial structure. However, after the new and unplanned interventions these elements and urban spaces lost their social and spatial role within the fabric. In addition, most of the historic centres were surrounded by deteriorated urban fabrics that are generally undesired areas for living, not only for younger generations but also for the native inhabitants. Because of their inappropriate atmosphere, social abuse, lack of facilities and services, people are reluctant to stay in these areas. Central government as the primary decision-maker has had the most important role in the declining trend of heritage within current Iranian cities. As already mentioned, vast and inappropriate urban interventions were started in 1925 and intensified in 1960 by launching various legislation such as the land reform. After the Islamic Revolution and a population explosion (especially in Tehran and the other largest cities) we bore witness to the death of these historical urban fabri

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Page publiée le 25 avril 2021