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Politecnico di Milano (2020)

Desert architecture in case of Atacama

POLATKAN, SENA

Titre : Desert architecture in case of Atacama

Auteur : POLATKAN, SENA

Université de soutenance : Politecnico di Milano

Grade : Laurea Magistrale 2020

Résumé
Desert vernacular architecture has always been part of the sustainable building cycle. However, the desert is not the best environment to develop a sustainable design due to its aggressive climate conditions. On the other hand, people have always been able to create comfortable living spaces for themselves throughout history in such environments, even though they have never been benefited from today’s massive technology. So how do these structures, which were built in the past, provide solutions to such challenging environmental conditions and have been survived until today ? Their designs have provided them rational solutions in terms of not only material selection but also positioning and shaping of buildings. In this paper, I would like to discuss about what architects can achieve by harmonizing today’s technology and the whole development cycle of the desert architecture since their first designs. I do believe that those fascinating designs throughout the history can be an inspiration to today’s architectural designs and contribute to create more sustainable and energy-efficient buildings and environmental designs. In last part of my thesis, I would like to discuss about a particular case study about the Atacama Desert. The master thesis project Atacama Space Center is devoted to the topic of space debris, and the building is trying to deal with environmental impact by using a contemporary design. Atacama Space Center has a modern-looking design on the contrary to the vernacular desert architecture. However, the main idea of the model is still the same because they are both dealing with harsh environmental conditions, and this fact is used as a basis of the design. Nowadays, people are seeking modern living facilities, and the question is that is it possible to achieve this in any condition without damaging the environment ?

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Page publiée le 24 avril 2021