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Politecnico di Milano (2020)

Preserving world heritage : the Abu Simbel temples


Titre : Preserving world heritage : the Abu Simbel temples


Université de soutenance : Politecnico di Milano

Grade : Laurea Magistrale 2020

The rock cut temple of Ramesses II on the west bank of the Nile at Abu Simbel is the greatest of the seven rock cut temples which the king constructed in Nubia and the most impressive of all the Egyptian monuments in the area. Over the centuries both the Nile and the desert sands shifted, and this temple was lost to the world until 1813, when it was rediscovered by chance by the Swiss explorer Jean-Louis Burckhardt. Only one of the heads was completely showing above the sand, the next head was broken off and, of the remaining two, only the crowns could be seen. Enough sand was cleared away in 1817 by Giovanni Belzoni for the temple to be entered. In the 1960s, a new threat rose over Nubia with the construction of the huge Aswan dam. The lake that it created would submerge Abu Simbel and many other priceless relics of the past. The salvage of the Abu Simbel temples began in 1964 by a multinational team of archeologists, engineers and skilled heavy equipment operators working together under the UNESCO banner. The story of the discovery of the Abu Simbel temples, and why and how they were moved, explaining what the Nubian temples teach us about ancient Egypt, which gods and goddesses were worshiped there, and the place of Rameses II in the long line of ancient Egyptian kings and queens.


Page publiée le 24 avril 2021