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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2004)

A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION LEVEL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PRACTICES BY FARMERS IN NORTHERN KARNATAKA

Raghunandan, H C

Titre : A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION LEVEL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PRACTICES BY FARMERS IN NORTHERN KARNATAKA

Auteur : Raghunandan, H C

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science (Agriculture) 2004

Résumé
"The study was conducted in Bagalkot and Bijapur districts of North Karnataka during the year 2003-04. The districts were selected keeping rainfall as criterion. In Bagalkot district, Bagalkot, Bilagi, Badami, Jamkhandi and Hunagund taluks were selected, while Bijapur, Sindhagi and Indi were purposively selected from Bijapur district for the present study, as these taluks were known for their dryland agriculture. From each district, 40 samples were selected. In all these, over 80 samples were selected for the study on random basis. High knowledge of soil and water conservation practices was observed with 22.50 per cent of the respondents, whereas, medium knowledge was exhibited by 56.25 per cent of the respondents. About 51.25 per cent of the respondents had fallen in medium adoption category and 18.75 per cent of the respondents were in high adoption category. More number of respondents (45%) belonged to the middle age group followed by old age groups (36.25%). Majority of the respondents were literate, of which 22.50 per cent studied upto primary school. High per cent of the respondents had felt benefits of soil and water conservation practices like ""checks soil and water erosion"" (56.25%), ""helps in groundwater recharge"" (47.50%), ""increases infiltration rate ofwatef (42.50%), ""increased yield’ (8.75%) and ""helps in increasing the cropping intensity"" (7.50%). The problems in adoption of soil and water conservation practices as expressed by majority of the respondents (52.50%) were ""lack of long-term loans for land development activities"" followed by ""inadequate technical guidance"" by the concerned departments (36.25%), ""high initial cost"" (25.00%), ""lack of group action"" (23.75%), ""long gestation period"" (22.50%) and ""wastage of land’ (16.00%). Majority (57.50%) of the respondents felt that they need more technical information on different aspects of soil and water conservation technologies, financial assistance (40.00%) for maintenance of soil and water conservation work.

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