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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2005)

Profile of Sujala Watershed Project Beneficiary Farmers in Dharwad District

Chandra Charan V.

Titre : Profile of Sujala Watershed Project Beneficiary Farmers in Dharwad District

Auteur : Chandra Charan V.

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science (MS (Agriculture) 2005

Résumé
The study entitled Profile of Sujala Watershed Project beneficiary farmers in Dharwad district was carried out during 2004-05. Following proportionate random sampling 150 respondents were selected from ten villages and data were collected by personal interview method. The important findings of the study were ; majority (45.34%) of the respondents had medium level of knowledge in respect of watershed practices. There was increase in the number of practices by over 45.00 per cent who had knowledge about watershed practices namely contour bunds, ploughing across the slope, strengthening of existing bunds, water ways, fertilizer application and spacing after implementation of the programme. Regarding adoption level of the watershed practices by respondents it was revealed that majority (58.00%) of them belonged to medium adoption category. There was increase in number of respondents by more than 40.00 per cent who adopted watershed practices namely contour bunds, improved varieties, strengthening of existing bunds and water ways after implementation of the programme. A positive and significant difference was observed in case of production and productivity of paddy in project area between before and after implementation of the programme. Majority of the respondents were middle aged, 28.00 per cent of the respondents studied upto high school, 58.33 per cent of the respondents belonged to nuclear family, 64.00 and 48.66 per cent of the respondents possessed radio and television, respectively, 30.67 per cent of the respondents regularly contacted AAs. The major constraints in soil and water conservation practices faced by farmers were fragmentation of land into unconventional shape, water stagnation near bunded area and time consuming operations. In case of crop production practices, the constraints faced by farmers were non-availability of labour, inadequate finance, heavy risk due to failure of monsoon and expensive chemicals.

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