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Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry, Bharsar (2016)

Fuel wood and Fodder Consumption Pattern in Different Villages of Tehri Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand

Rawat, Deepika

Titre : Fuel wood and Fodder Consumption Pattern in Different Villages of Tehri Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand

Auteur : Rawat, Deepika

Université de soutenance : Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry, Bharsar

Grade : Master of Science in Forestry 2016

Résumé
The present investigation was conducted in six different villages of Tehri Garhwal Region which lies between 1300m to 2000m altitude. Fuelwood and fodder consumption was studied through socio-economic survey, which was done with the help of a common questionnaire, semi structured inter-views with head or the old person of the family and field observations. In order to ensure the correct answers to the questionnaire, 25 households were visited in each village. The per village consumption of fodder varied from 960 kg/day/village to 2263.48 kg/day/village in Dikhol and Maun villages, respectively for winter season and 1066 kg/day/village to 2527.44 kg/day/village for Dikhol and Maun villages, respectively for summer season. The maximum fodder consumption varied from 8.41 kg/day/cattle head to 18.76 kg/day/cattle head in winter season and 9.35 kg/day/cattle head to 20.63 kg/day/cattle head in summer season. The maximum fodder consumption (kg/day/cattle head) was recorded for Dargi village for both season and minimum fodder consumption for Dikhol in both summer and winter season. The farmers use green as well as dry fodder for their animals. The dependency on dry fodder was more during winter season as there was a scarcity of green fodder during winter season. For dry fodder the farmers either collected it from grass land and pasture lands or forest lands or crop residues. The amount of fodder used to feed the animal also varied with economic status of the farmer. The farmer does not purchase the fodder from market society. Livestock population of study area comprised mainly of cow, bullock and buffalo with very few goats. The Maun village has highest number of livestock it is 51, and the least number of livestock in Manjyur village 29. The average daily fuel wood consumption in different villages varied from 253.43 kg/day/village to 1202.05 kg/day/family in summer and 928.52 kg/day/village to 3712.28 kg/day/village in winter. Majority of fuel wood demand was met out from forest areas. The average per capita fuel wood consumption during summer and winter in all the villages ranged from 0.57 kg/capita/day to 1.68 kg/capita/day and 2.11 kg/capita/day to 5.18 kg/capita/day. Highest moisture content was reported in Toona ciliata (109.85%) and lowest in Pyrus pashia (48.42%). Pyrus pashia has poorest ash content (2.3%), followed by Toona ciliata (5.3%). The ash content is the remaining inorganic part of wood matter that cannot be combusted.

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