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Copenhagen Business School (2016)

Kenyas Diverging Aquacultural Sector

Bentzen Rasmus

Titre : Kenyas Diverging Aquacultural Sector

A study on small-scale fish farmers struggles and upgrading opportunities and how these can impact food security

Auteur : Bentzen Rasmus

Université de soutenance : Copenhagen Business School

Grade : MSc in Applied Economics and Finance 2016

Résumé partiel
Hunger is still a major concern in Kenya with roughly 11.1M Kenyans suffering from hunger in 2014. A potential sector that could help solve part of this issue has been identified as the aquaculture sector. With the use of Neilson & Pritchard’s Global Value Chain framework together with a philosophical viewpoint of critical realism an in-­‐depth understanding of Kenya’s aquaculture sector have therefore been sought throughout this thesis with specific focus on the struggles currently facing small-­‐scale fish farmers. These findings were used to explore different paths for the Kenyan aquaculture sector with inspiration from Petersen & Plenborg’s concept of value drivers. The different aquaculture scenarios each leading to a distinctive forecast of output were further used to estimate each paths potential impact on food security in Kenya. Here two methods were used ; the estimation of self-­‐sustaining households together with FAO’s Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU) ratio, which required the application of various statistical methods. Fish farming was found to be an important way to help improve the livelihoods for small-­‐scale farmers and their families in Kenya. Various struggles were however still experienced especially in regard to acquiring high quality fish inputs while achieving optimal knowledge on best practice farming techniques further proved difficult. The result of these struggles was illustrated when comparing the yields and feed conversion rates to various other countries where the Kenyan farmers could be seen to be substantially behind countries like China and Vietnam. These two countries’ export to Kenya further resulted in the Kenyan small-­‐scale fish farmers being excluded from all high-­‐end markets. For Kenyan small-­‐scale fish farmers to overcome these various struggles all the findings pointed towards the Kenyan government’s necessary role in creating an enabling environment so farmers could reach new upgrades


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