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Al Neelian University (2020)

GREENHOUSE CULTIVATION OF TOMATOES AND CUCUMBERS IN SUNNDUS SCHEME, KHARTOUM STATE

Shaza Abd Albagi Ahmed Abbashar

Titre : GREENHOUSE CULTIVATION OF TOMATOES AND CUCUMBERS IN SUNNDUS SCHEME, KHARTOUM STATE

الزراعه المحميه لمحصولي الطماطم والخيار بمشروع سندس الزراعي ولاية الخرطوم

Auteur Shaza Abd Albagi Ahmed Abbashar

Université de soutenance : Al Neelian University

Grade : M. SC. Degree in Environmental Sciences 2020

Résumé
This study was prepared in two multiple greenhouses of a private farm at Sundus Scheme in Jebel Aulia Locality in Khartoum during February–August 2018 i.e. in summer. The present work was based on all agricultural practices, in the greenhouses for tomatoes and cucumber and the effect of these practices on the end products. The infection types, diseases, nutritional deficiencies and economic revenue were identified. The results revealed the occurrence of many diseases and common problems found in experiment of greenhouses. High humidity and warm temperatures in greenhouses provide a favorable environment for development of certain diseases i.e. tomato and cucumber were infected by Viruses and powdery mildew. In addition, physiological leaf roll, fruit cracking and Leaf minor were noted on tomatoes. Cucumber was infected by red spider mite, pythium disease and Botrytis cinerea disease. This experiment revealed many nutritional deficiencies symptoms and disorders like potassium, calcium and zinc in cucumber and tomato. Using techniques such as such as drip irrigation reduced the consumption of water and fertilizers as crops. According to the results of this study, net return in tomato production about 219.8% and net return in cucumber production about 126.9%. The empirical results indicated that the production inside greenhouses helps to improve the quantity and quality of the tomato and cucumber crop with biggest production and better quality that is much demanded in the supermarket with high prices and good economic returns

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Page publiée le 16 mai 2021