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Eastern Mediterranean University (2018)

Community Based Tourism (CBT) Planning- A Mechanism for Socio-Ecology Survival : A Case Study of Lake Urmia IRAN

Fathi, Tohid

Titre : Community Based Tourism (CBT) Planning- A Mechanism for Socio-Ecology Survival : A Case Study of Lake Urmia IRAN

Auteur : Fathi, Tohid

Université de soutenance : Eastern Mediterranean University

Grade : Master of Science in Tourism Management 2018

Résumé partiel
The current study aims to assess the benefits and advantages of developing CBT in Lake Urmia region. Although Lake Urmia and the settlements around the Lack have various tourism potentials such as natural, cultural and historical tourism attractions, this area still remained un-known for tourists, and the settlements around the Lack suffer from unemployment and poverty. On the other hand, due to lake of water for irrigation, agriculture situation in the area is deteriorating and the current situation has forced communities around the lake to leave their settlements. While, improving tourism industry in the region and involving communities in tourism activities can be a suitable alternative and supplement for agriculture. Unfortunately, Lake Urmia has suffered decline due to mismanagement of water resources that fed the lake. Once the world’s sixth largest saltwater lake, Lake Urmia, lost in the desolate mountains of north-western Iran, has begun shrinking. As the lake has dried up and its shores have started to recede, the surrounding land has begun to die, causing an unprecedented ecological disaster. Located near the Turkish border between the provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan, Lake Urmia has been vanishing for three decades. This study is an attempt to provide an investigation into the surrounding communities and come up with possible solution to the dire situation. The transformation of the lake and its environment can be translated to advantages for CBT. The remaining of the lake with its new features has the potential for tourism and especially for nature-based tourism. For the purpose of this study, a qualitative research will be applied to explore and understand the concerns of the surrounding communities for involvement in CBT. Because without understanding the community’s views, it will not be possible to strategize the processes of CBT. Convenience sampling and in-depth interview with the local communities will be furnished.

Mots clés : Community-based tourism (CBT), Alternative tourism, Community participation, Socio-ecological integrity, Lake Urmia

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Page publiée le 17 mai 2021