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Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (2020)

A Framework for Development in Rural Arid and Semi-Arid Environments in Africa : The Somalia Case

Mitchell, John Talmadge

Titre : A Framework for Development in Rural Arid and Semi-Arid Environments in Africa : The Somalia Case

Auteur : Mitchell, John Talmadge

Université de soutenance  : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2020

Résumé
The wars and conflicts of various types in Africa have made the continent poorer and prevented development in many countries. One of the major, and seemingly intractable conflict locations, is Somalia located in the East Horn of Africa (EHA). This research provides an understanding of salient facts in Somalia’s 27 years of war by examining culture and key conflict factors. The objective of this assessment is to identify potential culturally acceptable pathways that will lead to business opportunities and development as a means of conflict mitigation. The improvement of job opportunities for youth is viewed as a means to offset the current participation in the ongoing conflict. Somali and non-Somali sources were consulted to identify and verify avenues for economic growth, sustainability, and educational opportunities. Visits to Somalia and Somaliland confirmed that livestock, and related products, are key components for development and job creation. Technologies with potential to improve productive capacity and disrupt existing value chains were also evaluated. Findings from informal discussions and a pilot test of a proposed framework are presented. The framework identifies elements for development of an innovative, disruptive, and scalable business model that facilitates the implementation of renewable energy production. In addition, it targets education for the livestock and agroforestry industries, improving job and business opportunities.

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