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West Texas A&M University (2016)

Effect of Planting Geometries and Fertilizer Placement on Nutrient Uptake by Grain Sorghum

Pokhrel, Pramod

Titre : Effect of Planting Geometries and Fertilizer Placement on Nutrient Uptake by Grain Sorghum

Auteur : Pokhrel, Pramod

Université de soutenance : West Texas A&M University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2016

Résumé partiel
Grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is an important dryland crop in the Texas Panhandle. Productivity of grain sorghum depends on climatic conditions, plant available soil water, and soil fertility. Previous research has shown growing grain sorghum in clumps instead of Equal Spaced Planting (ESP) reduced plant stress, reduced production of tillers, and increased harvest index and grain yield under dryland conditions. The current study was conducted in the greenhouse and field to investigate the effect of fertilizer application on sorghum plants grown in clump and ESP geometries. The objectives of the research were to (a) compare fertilizer (nitrogen and phosphorus) uptake in grain sorghum plants in clumps and ESP geometries (b) observe root growth patterns in clump and ESP plants (c) and determine the fertilizer effect on tiller formation and harvest index. The greenhouse experiment was conducted at West Texas A&M University during 2014 and 2015. Grain sorghum was grown in clump and ESP geometries with two and three fertilizer levels in 2014 and 2015, respectively. Plants were grown in wooden boxes, with a transparent side, covered by a removable wooden board, so that root growth could be observed. All experiments were conducted in a Randomized complete block design (RCBD) and fertilizer was applied in a band beneath clump and ESP plants. The field experiment was conducted at the USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory at Bushland, Texas, during 2014 and 2015. Grain sorghum was grown in clump and ESP planting geometries in unfertilized and fertilized (68 kg N ha-1 and 10 kg P ha-1) plots. Planting density in both geometries was 62,000 plants ha-1. In 2015 corn was grown in clump and ESP planting geometries without using fertilizer. N and P concentrations in grain and stover were obtained from laboratory analysis and data are reported as N uptake in aboveground biomass and P uptake in aboveground biomass In the 2014 greenhouse study, ESP plants had significantly higher N uptake in aboveground biomass, stover yield, and tillers per plant. However, harvest index was higher in clumps.

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