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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1985 → PREFERENCE FOR HOUSE-FORM IN A LOW-INCOME DISTRICT OF TEHRAN, IRAN (MIDDLE EAST, HOUSING, THIRD WORLD, ARCHITECTURE)

University of Pittsburgh. (1985)

PREFERENCE FOR HOUSE-FORM IN A LOW-INCOME DISTRICT OF TEHRAN, IRAN (MIDDLE EAST, HOUSING, THIRD WORLD, ARCHITECTURE)

ZANDI, M. M

Titre : PREFERENCE FOR HOUSE-FORM IN A LOW-INCOME DISTRICT OF TEHRAN, IRAN (MIDDLE EAST, HOUSING, THIRD WORLD, ARCHITECTURE)

Auteur : ZANDI, M. M

Université de soutenance  : University of Pittsburgh.

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1985

Résumé
Low-income rural to urban migrants in developing countries encounter various socio-economic and cultural problems that influence their everyday life. The provision of housing reflects many of these problems. The design of appropriate house-form is one aspect of housing deserving special attention. The developing world has witnessed the dreadful results of inappropriate building designs borrowed from another culture. A house represents a particular form and character that may be reflective of a person’s past, or it may affect a person’s attitude or behavior. There has been only limited research concerning human behavior and the built environment within the context of traditional culture. Use of a house may be partially based on culture-specific evaluations made by the resident. Hence, people’s preference toward house-form may be culture specific.

This research concerns the study of preference for house-form. The attempt is to determine if house-form generates a preference response among the aggregate low-income migrant population of Tehran, Iran, according to their traditional cultures. The study also notes the importance of recognizing the migrants’ functional needs associated with a place of residence. The findings are based on the results of an opinion survey conducted during the spring of 1983 in four (4) low-income residential neighborhoods, including spontaneous settlements in Tehran.

Several findings are presented. Tests on the study’s general index of house-form preference indicate notable although not striking preference toward traditional house-form among the aggregate low-income rural migrants living in Tehran. Most significantly, the study shows that squatters have a much stronger preference for traditional house-form than do other migrants. This finding may deliver an important note on the affect of poverty on individual attitudes toward traditionalism. The study also presents a discussion of the primary elements of house-form in Iran and explains the migrants’ attitudes towards housing needs. Furthermore, the study proposes specific options to satisfy these needs. This proposal may aid in future planning and development of migrant housing in Tehran.

Présentation (ProQuest)

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