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Arizona State University (2021)

Farmers’ Adaptations to Groundwater Scarcity in the Rafsanjan Plain, Iran

Hashemi, Seyyed Mahmoud.

Titre : Farmers’ Adaptations to Groundwater Scarcity in the Rafsanjan Plain, Iran

Auteur : Hashemi, Seyyed Mahmoud.

Université de soutenance  : Arizona State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2021

Résumé partiel
Groundwater depletion is threatening the livelihoods and welfare of millions of people living in rural and urban areas worldwide. As had been the experience with many countries, aquifers in Iran have been rapidly depleted over the past decades. The Rafsanjan Plain, Iran (a global center for pistachio cultivation and production) is the study area for this dissertation. The Rafsanjan Plain exemplifies a region where a mismatch between ‘economy’ (socio-economic growth) and ‘ecology’ (water resources’ carrying capacity) has resulted in unsustainable development. Besides groundwater scarcity, Rafsanjani pistachio growers are currently dealing with other stressors, notably declining agricultural profitability.

Using a social-psychological lens and employing both qualitative and quantitative social science research methods, I explored adaptation to groundwater scarcity among pistachio growers in Rafsanjan. Through adopting an integrated approach combining vulnerability and resilience frameworks, a theoretical framework was developed as a diagnostic tool for conceptualization and measurement of adaptation of a groundwater-dependent farmer to groundwater scarcity. The framework consists of five components : ‘Social-ecological stressors’(Stressor), ‘Groundwater-dependent livelihood system’(Livelihood), ‘Response options’, (Response) ‘Background variables’, and ‘Structural factors.’

Présentation (ProQuest)

Page publiée le 30 mai 2021