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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2004 → TWO ESSAYS IN CHILD NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND URBAN POVERTY DYNAMICS IN ETHIOPIA

Pennsylviana State University (2004)

TWO ESSAYS IN CHILD NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND URBAN POVERTY DYNAMICS IN ETHIOPIA

Gebreselassie, Tesfayi

Titre : TWO ESSAYS IN CHILD NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND URBAN POVERTY DYNAMICS IN ETHIOPIA

Auteur : Gebreselassie, Tesfayi

Université de soutenance  : Pennsylviana State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2004

Résumé partiel
The thesis consists of two essays. In these essays, I try to address two of the most challenging development issues in Ethiopia, poverty and malnutrition. The foci of the two essays are interrelated but will be examined separately. The title of the first essay is “The Role of Maternal Education in Child Nutritional Status and Child Health-Seeking Behavior of Households in Ethiopia : Do Family and Community Matter ?” The data used in this study come from two nationally representative cross-sectional sample surveys conducted by the Central Statistical Authority of Ethiopia : (i) The 1995/96 Household Income, Consumption and Expenditure Survey (HICES), and (ii) The 1995/96 Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS). In this essay I investigate three indicators of child nutrition and health using the following outcome variables : (i) child nutritional status (measured by child’s height for age) ; (ii) child health-seeking behavior of households ; (iii) the determinants of child illness ; and (iv) the determinants of immunization for children 12-59 months old. The main results of this study indicate that age of the child, child illness, parental education, household income and distance to primary school are strong predictors of child nutritional status in Ethiopia. Nonetheless, the strong positive effect of mother’s education on child height appears to be limited to post-primary level of education. The results from this study suggest that although the independent effect of maternal employment (working outside the home) is not a statistically significant determinant, it is negatively related to child nutritional status. When location of residence (urban vs. rural) is not controlled for, the results indicate that the children whose homes used water from protected sources (tap water) have better height-for-age relative to children whose homes used water from unprotected sources. In addition, the use of pit latrine or toilet for safe disposal of feces is not associated with better nutritional status. The empirical analysis uses household consumption expenditure (proxy for household income), both as an observed variable and in instrumented form to purge measurement error and transitory fluctuations from the variable. The results reveal significant association of child nutritional status and health to household income. Except for the illness outcome variable, income is a strong and significant determinant of child height-for-age, immunization and treatment-seeking behavior of households in Ethiopi

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