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Tufts University (2015)

UNCHARTED WATERS OF THE MIDDLE EAST : RE-VISITING THE EUPHRATES-TIGRIS CONFLICT IN TROUBLED TIMES.

Yavuz, Ercan

Titre : UNCHARTED WATERS OF THE MIDDLE EAST : RE-VISITING THE EUPHRATES-TIGRIS CONFLICT IN TROUBLED TIMES.

Auteur : Yavuz, Ercan

Université de soutenance  : Tufts University,

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
This study was set to explore the link between hydro-politics and hydro-developments in the Euphrates-Tigris basin. Turkey, Syria and Iraq have exploited the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers through unilateral, large-scale ambitious projects over the past half-century. Although these extensive damming and irrigation activities have caused drastic changes in the hydrological characteristics ofthe rivers, our argument here is that the main reason the dispute deteriorated, was due to the national security perceptions of riparian countries, which have been driven by historical mistrust, ideological rivalry and ethno-religious conflicts. Water has been another dynamic catalyst to already complex interstate security relations. At this point, a hydro-hegemony framework appears to be a simple, but comprehensive analytical tool for examining the water-power-conflict nexus. Issue-linkage strategies have been an effective source of bargaining power to narrow the power gap among riparians. Water conflict in the Euphrates-Tigris basin will become more difficult to manage since inherited problems from the past are coupled with complex demographic, climatic, and political challenges. Lack of reliable data, efficient irrigation and agricultural practices, and effective demand management policies further complicated the situation. Riparian countries can only cope with the difficulties of the future through collaborative action.

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Page publiée le 7 juin 2021